Retour de l’État et concurrence milicienne dans le nord de l’Irak

 

par Arthur Quesnay et Robin Beaumont

La fin de la guerre contre l’État Islamique s’est traduite en octobre 2017 par un redéploiement de l’État irakien dans le nord du pays. Ce dernier s’opère à travers la mise en place de réseaux économiques et sécuritaires tenus par les élites miliciennes locales, cooptées par les grands partis chiites nationaux. À l’approche des élections parlementaires prévues en mai 2018, cette nouvelle réalité socio-politique constitue la clef du développement de l’Irak post-État Islamique mais porte également les germes de futures violences.

 

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Colombia: one year later, peace makes no headway

by Mathilde Allain

One year after the peace accord between the Colombian government of Juan Manuel Santos and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, signed on November 24, 2016, its implementation is making no headway. This article examines the main obstacles to the materialization of the peace accord, from its difficult incorporation in Colombian law, to concrete problems identified by peasant organizations and NGOs that defend the victims of the conflict. Issues of power-sharing, security and land are at the core of present difficulties.

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On the Balkan route: Pernicious effects of the E.U. anti-migration policies

by Adrian Foucher

In 2015, over 800,000 people, most of them fleeing Syria, crossed the Aegean Sea on makeshift boats, leaving the Turkish coastline for Greek islands, then continuing to continental Greece, and finally, via the Balkan route, to Western Europe. Faced with the scale of these arrivals, two kinds of public policy were devised: the unilateral closure of borders and an agreement with Turkey. Based on the study of Belgrade informal camp, this analysis highlights the pernicious effects of those policies: the marginalization of part of the migrants and the development of circumventions practices that forced migrants to take more risks.

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When women take part in the rebellion: the ex-fighters from Ivory Coast

by Kamina Diallo

This article illustrates the complexity of women’s engagement in armed groups, through the example of women involved in the rebellion in Ivory Coast between 2002 and 2011. It provides an analysis of the trajectories of women enrolled in the conflict in Ivory Coast in various regions and during various periods of the rebellion. How were women involved in the conflict in Ivory Coast? What motives led them to become involved in the rebellion and, once they had become involved, what activities did they engage in? How might one compare their experience in the rebellion to that of men?

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Two Years On From the Minsk Agreements:
The political dynamics of the conflict in Ukraine

Anastasia Fomitchova, interview with Alexandra Goujon

In November 2013, in response to then-President Victor Ianoukovitch’s decision to suspend the signing of an Association Agreement with the European Union, protests began on the capital’s central square. The protestors’ demands were at first directed at a foreign policy issue. Confronted by regime repression, they broadened into challenging the authorities’ legitimacy.

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Samedi 14 octobre 2017
10h00-20h00

Conférence : Mali : 4 ans après l’intervention, une difficile sortie de crise

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