Is Colombia Finally Heading Toward a Peace Agreement?
Mathilde Allain, interview with Jacobo Grajales

Mathilde Allain, interview with Jacobo Grajales

A new agreement was announced on November 12th, responding to some of the demands of those who opposed the first agreement. They are yet to approve the new text, which both government and FARC representatives claim to be definitive. Although two guerrillas were killed by members of the armed forces on November 14th in unclear circumstances, the ceasefire remains in force, but a continuing stalemate would risk weakening it.

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Competing actors, fragmented territories: Iraq and Syria (Nov 2016)

by Xavier Houdoy et Nicolas Ressler

Our cartographers have worked on the data and insights coming from our researchers’ latest fieldworks in the region in order to build this updated map.

This work is part of our Cartography production, as well as of our MENA Program.

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South Asia Paper #5: Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaaf: New Phenomenon or Continuation of the Political Status Quo?

by Mariam Mufti

Founded by Imran Khan in April 1996, the Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaaf (PTI, Movement for Justice) is a socio-political movement inspired by the slogan, ‘justice, humanity and self-reliance’. In 2011, the PTI gained some political ground by raising its voice against the rampant corruption that was corroding the socio-political fabric of Pakistan and the downturn in US-Pakistan relations.
This paper questions whether PTI marks a departure or is a continuation of traditional Pakistani politics by examining the rise of the party over the last four years, the restructuring of the party’s organization, its electoral performance and its role in opposition.

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The strategy of Jabhat Al-Nusra / Jabhat Fath Al-Sham in regarding the truces in Syria

by Félix Legrand

Since the beginning of 2016, the international community has been striving to ensure that the local and national truces in Syria are respected. Jabhat al-Nusra (today known as Jabhat Fath al-Sham), through a mixture of pragmatism and revolutionary intransigence, has successfully taken advantage of the failure of the strategy of military de-escalation imposed from above. While the truces were intended to break the link of military dependence between the armed opposition and jihadist groups, Jabhat al-Nusra has managed to further its integration within the Syrian revolutionary movement.

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Iraq From the Ground. Two years after the fall of Mosul

by MENA Program Special Report

On June 7th, 2016, Noria, in association with Amnesty International France, organized a conference on Iraq focusing on the theme of “the political and social developments in Iraq since the fall of Mosul to Islamic State/the conquest of Mosul by Islamic State”. In order to further the discussions from the event, Noria’s Dynamics of Power in the Middle East programme and Amnesty International France have compiled a special report on the Iraq crisis.

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South Asia Paper # 4 : Rule of Law, Justice and Constitutionalism: Political Mobilization in the ‘Lawyers’ Movement for the Restoration of Judiciary and Democracy’ in Pakistan (2007-09)

by Salman Hussain

In March 2007, lawyers across Pakistan rose up against the eight-year long military rule of General Pervez Musharraf, when he dismissed the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry. The protesting lawyers, mobilized through their bar associations, were soon joined by students, civil society activists and traders and shop-keepers’ unions, as well as various religious and political parties.

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Shiite nationalism? Sistani, Present in Absence

by Robin Beaumont

The recent decision by Ayatollah Sistani to restrict his level of political expression cannot be interpreted as a return to “traditional quietism” on the part of the Shiite religious leadership. It instead reflects a tactical shift by the Iraqi marja‘iyya, in a context of fragmentation of Shiite political authority.

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