On June 7th, 2016, Noria, in association with Amnesty International France, organized a conference on Iraq focusing on the theme of “the political and social developments in Iraq since the fall of Mosul to Islamic State/the conquest of Mosul by Islamic State”. In order to further the discussions from the event, Noria’s Dynamics of Power in the Middle East programme and Amnesty International France have compiled a special report on the Iraq crisis.
South Asia Paper # 4 : Rule of Law, Justice and Constitutionalism: Political Mobilization in the ‘Lawyers’ Movement for the Restoration of Judiciary and Democracy’ in Pakistan (2007-09)
In March 2007, lawyers across Pakistan rose up against the eight-year long military rule of General Pervez Musharraf, when he dismissed the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry. The protesting lawyers, mobilized through their bar associations, were soon joined by students, civil society activists and traders and shop-keepers’ unions, as well as various religious and political parties.
The recent decision by Ayatollah Sistani to restrict his level of political expression cannot be interpreted as a return to “traditional quietism” on the part of the Shiite religious leadership. It instead reflects a tactical shift by the Iraqi marja‘iyya, in a context of fragmentation of Shiite political authority.
This analysis focuses on the recent failures of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in Sudan. The court has tried to secure the arrest of Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir, but the ICC’s actions and the political hurdles necessary to justify charges of genocide have had dramatic consequences on the legal status of minorities in Darfur.
Back to 1945: the Memorial and Strategic Meaning of the 70th Anniversary of the Japanese Defeat in East Asia
On September 3, 2015, the largest military parade ever organized in the People’s Republic of China was held in Beijing. 12,000 troops were reviewed by President Xi Jinping, joined by many foreign dignitaries including around 30 heads of state, mainly from friendly regimes (Russia, Central Asian countries, Pakistan, Egypt, Sudan…). A show of force was expected sooner or later, to crown the “Great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation” dear to Xi. Such pomp, however, is usually reserved for the anniversary of the regime’s founding in 1949. This year’s anniversary was unrelated to the Revolution: it commemorated the Chinese victory of 1945 in the War of Resistance against Japan, as the 1937-1945 conflict is dubbed in China.