Two Years On From the Minsk Agreements:
The political dynamics of the conflict in Ukraine

Anastasia Fomitchova, interview with Alexandra Goujon

In November 2013, in response to then-President Victor Ianoukovitch’s decision to suspend the signing of an Association Agreement with the European Union, protests began on the capital’s central square. The protestors’ demands were at first directed at a foreign policy issue. Confronted by regime repression, they broadened into challenging the authorities’ legitimacy. Having turned into a national protest movement against the generalized corruption of the political system and the government’s authoritarianism, the protests led the President to resign on February 21st, 2014, after 80 protestors had been killed in Kiev town center.

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From Arms to Politics: The New Struggle of the Tamil Diaspora

by Lola Guyot

During the Sri Lankan civil war, the Tamil diaspora played a key role providing the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) with the funds necessary to conduct the armed struggle. In 2009, the Tamil guerrilla army was annihilated. The diaspora then took over the struggle for the “Tamil cause”, fighting the Sri Lankan government on the international arena through non-violent political means. This paper deals with the evolutions of Tamil diaspora politics since the end of the war. Its aim is to understand the scope for action of the diaspora while all forms of Tamil militancy in Sri Lanka have been crushed, to see how the strategies and agenda of diasporic organizations are affected by the post-conflict context and to expose the ensuing relationships between the diaspora and Tamil political parties in Sri Lanka.

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A battle for Taiwan’s past: commemorating the February 28th incident, seventy years later

by Victor Louzon

Taiwan recently commemorated the 70th anniversary of the February 28th Incident (or 2.28 Incident), as the 1947 revolt against Kuomintang (KMT) authorities is known. Following half a century of Japanese colonial rule between 1895 and 1945, the island recovered its status as a Chinese province following Japan’s defeat in World War 2 – this time under the control not of the defunct Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) but of the Republic of China, a regime dominated by the dictator Chiang Kai-shek and his Nationalist Party (KMT). The corruption and authoritarianism of the Chinese regime (at that time mired in civil war with the communists) along with its mistrust of the Formosan1 population, which it deemed to be too Japanized, quickly soured the hopes born out of decolonisation.

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The Political Stakes of the Battle for Mosul

by Arthur Quesnay

The battle for Mosul is the final episode of the recapture of Iraq. It is the last act of a divided political and military landscape on the verge of new struggles. The absence of any agreements between Erbil and Baghdad concerning the post-Islamic State territorial settlement, and the increased clout of Shia and Sunni Arab militias and the PKK, presage many sources of tension, even while the regionalization of the conflict is reaching its paroxysm as Turkey and Iran intervene in the crisis. Under cover of an extremely bloody war—especially so for the civilian population—the stakes of the battle for Mosul are above all political.

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Collective statement about the massacres in Aleppo and the Syrian crisis

Since Monday, hundreds of testimonies have reached us from Aleppo to describe the war the city continues to endure. Though the official figures of speech mention « Aleppo’s recapture by pro-government forces » or the « fall of Aleppo », it is crucial to call what is going on there for what is really is: the systematic massacre of civil populations by the regime’s army and its supporters, with the unwavering support of the Russian armed forces.

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Is Colombia Finally Heading Toward a Peace Agreement?Mathilde Allain, interview with Jacobo Grajales

Mathilde Allain, interview with Jacobo Grajales

A new agreement was announced on November 12th, responding to some of the demands of those who opposed the first agreement. They are yet to approve the new text, which both government and FARC representatives claim to be definitive. Although two guerrillas were killed by members of the armed forces on November 14th in unclear circumstances, the ceasefire remains in force, but a continuing stalemate would risk weakening it.

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Competing actors, fragmented territories: Iraq and Syria (Nov 2016)

by Xavier Houdoy et Nicolas Ressler

Our cartographers have worked on the data and insights coming from our researchers’ latest fieldworks in the region in order to build this updated map.

This work is part of our Cartography production, as well as of our MENA Program.

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South Asia Paper #5: Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaaf: New Phenomenon or Continuation of the Political Status Quo?

by Mariam Mufti

Founded by Imran Khan in April 1996, the Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaaf (PTI, Movement for Justice) is a socio-political movement inspired by the slogan, ‘justice, humanity and self-reliance’. In 2011, the PTI gained some political ground by raising its voice against the rampant corruption that was corroding the socio-political fabric of Pakistan and the downturn in US-Pakistan relations.
This paper questions whether PTI marks a departure or is a continuation of traditional Pakistani politics by examining the rise of the party over the last four years, the restructuring of the party’s organization, its electoral performance and its role in opposition.

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The strategy of Jabhat Al-Nusra / Jabhat Fath Al-Sham in regarding the truces in Syria

by Félix Legrand

Since the beginning of 2016, the international community has been striving to ensure that the local and national truces in Syria are respected. Jabhat al-Nusra (today known as Jabhat Fath al-Sham), through a mixture of pragmatism and revolutionary intransigence, has successfully taken advantage of the failure of the strategy of military de-escalation imposed from above. While the truces were intended to break the link of military dependence between the armed opposition and jihadist groups, Jabhat al-Nusra has managed to further its integration within the Syrian revolutionary movement.

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Samedi 11 mars 2017
14h00-18h00

Les mouvements kurdes en conflit : Enjeux politiques et reconfigurations régionales

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